The doctor will ask about symptoms, medical and drug history, and possibly family history. There will be a physical examination of the breast tissue, as well as the genitals and abdomen.If the cause appears to be a hormone imbalance, for example in puberty, the doctor will normally advise the patient that the condition is likely to resolve itself within a year.
If the lump is abnormally large, tender, one-sided, fixed and hard, or associated with nipple discharge, the physician may order a biopsy, to rule out breast cancer.
Further tests will seek to eliminate other causes, such as:
A. A cyst
B. An abscess or furuncle
C. A benign tumor such as lipoma or hamartoma
D. Mastitis, which is inflammation of breast tissue
E. Hematoma, a solid swelling of clotted blood
F. Metastasis, a cancer that has spread from elsewhere in the body
G. Fat necrosis, or a lump resulting from damage to fatty breast tissue.
Blood tests may be needed. Check for Gynecomastia in Sccaudi
Imaging tests may include:
A. Mammogram or breast ultrasound
B. Chest X-rays
C. CT or MRI scan
D. Ultrasound scan of the testicles.
A tissue biopsy, if appropriate, will take a sample of cells or tissue from the target area for examination under a microscope.
Gynecomastia and its signs and symptoms
Gynecomastia is not normally a serious problem, but research shows that it can affect self-confidence and cause embarrassment.
This can lead to “Significant deficits in general health, social functioning, mental health, self-esteem, and eating behaviors and attitudes compared with controls,” according to Brian Labow and colleagues from Boston Children’s Hospital in Boston, MA.
If gynecomastia persists, treatments are available.
Symptoms include swelling and tenderness in the breast gland tissue of one or both breasts.
The areola, the area of pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple, may increase in diameter, and the chest tissue may appear asymmetrical. If there is unusual and persistent swelling, tenderness, pain, or nipple discharge, or a combination of these, it is important to see a physician.
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